Quick Facts of Bhutan

The Kingdom of Bhutan is a small, mountainous, landlocked country in South Asia. Bhutan is located in the eastern Himalayas, bordering by India and China. Bhutan is home to a population of about 753,947. Spread over approximately 47,000 square kilometers, roughly the size of Switzerland, with about 70.5 percent of its land under forest cover. 

Central Highlands of Bhutan is inhabitants of more population while two-thirds are classified as rural inhabitants. The terrain is mostly mountainous with alpine Himalayas peaks in the North and some sub-tropical foothills in the South. 


  • Capital: Thimphu 
  • Area Total: 47,000 km2
  • Language: Official language Dzongkha, with English widely spoken.
  • Population: 753,947 (2013)
  • Currency: Ngultrum (equal to Indian Rupee).
  • National Tree: Cypress.
  • National Bird: Raven.
  • National Flower: Blue Poppy
  • Forest Area:70.5 %.
  • Altitude: Between 300m and 7541m above sea level.
  • Religion: Mahayana Buddhism (also known as Tantric Buddhism).


Bhutan is the only Mahayana Buddhism Kingdom in the world, with Mahayana (tantric) Buddhism as its official religion. It is practiced throughout the entire country by 74.7 Percent of the population. Hinduism is closely related to Buddhism, is Bhutan’s second religion, practiced by about 25.3 Percent of the population. Before Buddhist religion got the heart of Bhutan, Many supernatural power religions are in a different community. Minority groups still practice these traditions and rituals in some parts of the country.

Buddhism plays a fundamental role in the cultural, ethical and sociological development of Bhutan and its' people. In the past to ensure that Buddhism stays vividly alive, one son from every family usually attends a monastic school. In addition detachment, ephemerality and change are the 3 major themes of the Buddhist religion.


The word "Bhutan" translates to Land of the Thunder Dragon. It earned the nickname because of the fierce storms that often roll in from the Himalayas. Bhutan is the first country in the world, which make its constitution for the obligation to its people towards environmental protection. As a result, minimum 60% of total land of Bhutan must cover by forest. The Great Jigme Singye Wangchuck and whole Wangchuck Dynasty one and only reason for Bhutan to get awards of such a special country.

When asked about Bhutan’s “uniqueness” or “specialty”, people often come up with lists which include one or all of the following points:

  • A single country in the world to sink the carbon.
  • 70.5 Percent land covered by forest.
  • Only a country to follow the GNH known as Gross National Happiness
  • Total tobacco ban.
  • No traffic lights in the entire country.


There are numerous ethnic groups in Bhutan, and no one group constitutes a majority of the Bhutanese. The Bhutanese mainly comprises four groups, which themselves are not necessarily exclusive. The politically and culturally dominant Ngalop of western and northern Bhutan. The Sharchop of Eastern Bhutan. The Lhotshampa concentrated in Southern Bhutan, and Bhuti tribal and aboriginal peoples living in villages scattered throughout Bhutan.


When one thinks Bhutan the images that come to mind are that of Buddhist monasteries, friendly locals and peace and calm. Furthermore, the happiest country in the world Bhutan has achieved the title of major destination for natural, cultural and adventure tourism. Yet they have restricted tourism policy. Do not believe us? Here are some of the sports you must try in Bhutan. Here are the top 5 adventure activities in BHUTAN.

  • Trekking 
  • Rafting and Kayaking
  • Cycling and Bird Watching
  • Rock Climbing
  • Cultural Heritage Tours


  • Bhutan is the only country in the world where they have separate Ministry of Happiness.  The government of Bhutan is following the trail towards the Happiness of every citizen of Bhutan.
  • In 9th article Constitution of Bhutan mention about the Happiness of Bhutan. On every national census, every Bhutanese citizen has to answer the question "Are you happy?" as a result in 2005 97% of people answer they are happy. 
  • Bhutan banned all shorts or chemical fertilizers, it makes everything that grown in Bhutan is environmentally clean and organic.
  • Bhutan is a truly amazing country without hunger, crime, war, and disputes. 
  • The nature-culture, traditions, and lifestyle are unspilled by the modern first world country. It makes Bhutan easier to preserve their culture.